If you’ve been looking, you’ll agree it’s not easy to find a complete list of learning disabilities. Perhaps that’s because there really are too many to speak of in one article. So the following is a list of learning disabilities. It isn’t sorted by any importance, popularity or severity, it’s just a list.
- Dyspraxia (Sensory Integration Disorder)
- Nonverbal Learning Disability
- CAPD (Central Auditory Processing Disorder)
- Visual Processing Disorder
- ADD or ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder)
While this is a pretty complete list of learning disabilities, knowing the names doesn’t necessary help diagnose the problem. In fact, if you’re trying to figure out which one of these your child may have, it is probably better to break them down by type first.
To be truly helpful, breaking them down by types of learning disabilities will really narrow down the specific problem.
To start there are motor skills difficulties. These are the associated with actions your brain is asking your body to do. Holding a pencil, writing, running and jumping are all examples of that. The true problem is the brain’s ability to communicate effectively with the muscles.
Audio and visual difficulties involve the brain’s ability to process information that comes in via the eyes and ears. The inability to distinguish subtle sounds or hearing sounds at the wrong speed makes it difficult to read, write and spell. Similarly, visual processing problems like missing subtle differences in shapes, reversing letters, skipping words or misperceiving distances affect motor skills, reading comprehension and math.
Language and communication disabilities involve the brain’s ability to match words with their meaning, organize thoughts and find words to explain things. Signs of language based issues may come as difficulty retelling a story, understanding the meaning of words or fluency.
Finally, the most common in the list of learning disabilities are math, reading and writing problems. These are cognitive problems that involve difficulties processing information. Whether that be letter recognition, accurately copying words or counting, they all revolve around processing information.
As you can probably tell, diagnosing learning problems isn’t black and white. Symptoms cross lines so you may find it necessary to seek a professional’s help to determine which (if any) your child may have. Please call us if you’re experiencing that feeling. We’d love to help you understand what specific problem is occurring and the path to solve that problem.
Call us anytime! 845-628-7910
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