List of Learning Disabilities

If you’ve been looking, you’ll agree it’s not easy to find a complete list of learning disabilities. Perhaps that’s because there really are too many to speak of in one article. So the following is a list of learning disabilities. It isn’t sorted by any importance, popularity or severity, it’s just a list.

  • Dyslexia
  • Dysgraphia
  • Dyscalculia
  • Dyspraxia (Sensory Integration Disorder)
  • Nonverbal Learning Disability
  • CAPD (Central Auditory Processing Disorder)
  • Visual Processing Disorder
  • ADD or ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder)
  • Autism

While this is a pretty complete list of learning disabilities, knowing the names doesn’t necessary help diagnose the problem. In fact, if you’re trying to figure out which one of these your child may have, it is probably better to break them down by type first.

To be truly helpful, breaking them down by types of learning disabilities will really narrow down the specific problem.

To start there are motor skills difficulties. These are the associated with actions your brain is asking your body to do. Holding a pencil, writing, running and jumping are all examples of that. The true problem is the brain’s ability to communicate effectively with the muscles.

Audio and visual difficulties involve the brain’s ability to process information that comes in via the eyes and ears. The inability to distinguish subtle sounds or hearing sounds at the wrong speed makes it difficult to read, write and spell.  Similarly, visual processing problems like missing subtle differences in shapes, reversing letters, skipping words or misperceiving distances affect motor skills, reading comprehension and math.

Language and communication disabilities involve the brain’s ability to match words with their meaning, organize thoughts and find words to explain things. Signs of language based issues may come as difficulty retelling a story, understanding the meaning of words or fluency.

Finally, the most common in the list of learning disabilities are math, reading and writing problems.  These are cognitive problems that involve difficulties processing information. Whether that be letter recognition, accurately copying words or counting, they all revolve around processing information.

As you can probably tell, diagnosing learning problems isn’t black and white. Symptoms cross lines so you may find it necessary to seek a professional’s help to determine which (if any) your child may have. Please call us if you’re experiencing that feeling. We’d love to help you understand what specific problem is occurring and the path to solve that problem.

Call us anytime! 845-628-7910

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  1. my child is a grade 1 student. each time i take her to school she kicks and scream, try to run out of the gat. the principal constantly calls me to collect her because of her behavior. however when my boss take her to school she is calmer and does not behave the same way. she was on a medication phenobab as an infant until age 1 then on valproic acid until ag e 3 which was discontinued by age 4. do you think because of the medication it has affected her behavior in this way? she is her normal self away from school she plays normally. she follow intructions and understnds what she is being told to do. please advise,


  2. Dellia Cooper says:

    I am confused about my grand daughter’s condition.. Her mother told me that she has a very rare symptom called {Phylemicderma} I’m guessing at how that is spelled correctly. A first glance at her you would think it was something close to autism. She was a premature birth , she was due on New Years Day of 2009 but was born October 28th 2008 , She was just a few months shy of spending her first Birthday in the hospital. she had several operations for her heart and stomach, Because her intestine was wraped around her stomach.. My daughter has not told me much about this condition , because little is known about it at all… like only 8 people world wide have this condition . I cannot find anything at all on the internet about it .. Can someone please help me with this, She is 4yrs old and has the approx mental state of 2, This is the best I can describe the condition.. I would like to provide the right school for her or tutor but without knowing exactly what to ask for , I’m lost. Any help would be appreciated.

  3. puma mutembo says:

    I have a child in year 9. My child worries me too much because he is my first born and so, I want him to perform well academically. I am not sure if he has a learning disability or not. He has difficulties nearly in all the subjects. As parents, we have done all we could to help him by proving learning support and extra tuition but still his performance is not improving. After the summer holiday he is going into year 10 and that leaves me with many questions to whether he will manage. What must I do to help my son? In language his writing is bad and he really makes very silly mistakes. I spoke to his teachers and they told me that he is one of the decent and respectful kid in school but he has a problem of not participating in class. Pipo help me what could be wrong with my child?

    • Dr. Linda Silbert says:

      Request that the school test your child for learning disabilities. He may qualify for special help.

  4. I have a grandson who is eight. He is a sweet child, and loves working with his hands, and being outdoors, but has serious anger issues. He is failing in school. They have had a tutor after school, the parents work with him for hours at home….he does not care. He hides his homework, or paperwork teachers send home, he is often unruly. They have taken every angle of approach to this problem and nothing works. If he’s grounded, so what. If he’s spanked, so what… .take things away, don’t care. He often has outbursts wherein he is totally out of control, screaming, etc. The neuro psychologist says it could be early bipolar….definite ADHD, which he is medicated for…..the parents are at wits end. It seems as though you just don’t upset his routine period – he will not respond, other than outbursts. They literally do not know where to turn. This neuro doc told them to give him a 2 minute time out….he’s so far past that he would laugh in their face……please, please help.

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